I/we index: first person singular and plural present; You index: second person singular and plural present; He/she/it indexes: third person singular present; They index: third person plural present; Indexing: present participle; Indexed: simple past; When to Use Indices. Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE! Use of (s) might be necessary in legal documents, which have to be very precise and cover all the possible meanings. Glamor or Glamour – What’s the Difference? Indexes." Facebook; Twitter; How difficult was this activity? Indexes or Indices – What’s the Difference? This unique book examines the role non-doctrinal research methods play in international legal research: what do they add to the traditional doctrinal analysis of law and what do they neglect? Addressing people with a plural prefix is usually reserved for written communication, but it can also take place verbally. Indices is a more technical version of the same plural noun. A movable finger on a gauge, scale, etc. Etymology and plural. To make plural nouns that do not end in s possessive, add ’s. 2 is the index in the expression 62. Regular and irregular plurals of nouns. Too easy . lunch – lunches. Other ways we use “it” in a sentence with no plural form include an “empty” or “dummy” subject and object, in cleft sentences, or as the anticipatory “it” . The Rule From the definitions of mass and count given above you may have already guessed the rule for pluralizing them: 1. most count nouns pluralize with -s 2. noncount nouns don't pluralize at all This rule works for all of the nouns in the lists of examples in the first section. Legal Writing in Plain English includes. writings. The index only gives the main towns. Let style and flow be your guide with these two words. Never so in the work of Bert van Roermund, whose new book Law in the First Person Plural takes us back to Rousseau, just in time. It is a fully accepted variant, and, indeed, it enjoys an advantage in overall usage in published English. A term used in grammar, which signifies more than one. For those writers adhering to AP Style, you should use this spelling and this spelling alone, as AP prefers indexes over indices. Correct: The car in question … My retirement account is built from ETFs that track major stock and bond market indexes. See writing. a more or less detailed alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussed, usually included in or constituting the back matter. An index ( plural: usually indexes, more rarely indices; see below) is a list of words or phrases ('headings') and associated pointers ('locators') to where useful material relating to that heading can be found in a document or collection of documents.Examples are an index in the back matter of a book and an index that serves as a library catalog.. 3. Indices only functions as a noun. 1.1. The Classics were core to the curriculum and ethos of the intensely homosocial Victorian and Edwardian public schools. Cambridge English: Key is a basic-level qualification. The noun legal can be countable or uncountable.. Web. 4 plural usually indices: a number or symbol or expression (such as an exponent) associated with another to indicate a mathematical operation to be performed or to indicate use or position in an arrangement 3 is the index of the expression {latex}\sqrt[3]{5}{/latex} to indicate the cube root of 5 Law Journal Writing; Case Documents; EXAMPLES – CITATIONS OF ... Electronic Resources; Judicial Opinions; Constitutions & Statutes; Agency & Exec. Thanks for your vote! Nouns with No Plural Forms. It cannot be used as a verb. An alphabetical listing of items and their location. Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web! Certain nouns in English belong to both classes: they have both a noncount and a count meaning. “It” as an Abstract Noun. Plural Possessives. Singular or plural. But the rules are pretty clear on this issue. Sometimes, however, it may be so expressed that it means only one, as, if a man were to devise to another all he was worth, if he, the testator, died without children, and he died leaving one child, the devise would not take effect. What does indices mean? 2. An Exception to the Rule For a number of nouns, the rule needs slight revision. 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 23.83: μὴ ἐμὰ σῶν ἀπάνευθε τιθήμεναι ὀστέ’ Ἀχιλλεῦ mḕ emà sôn apáneuthe tithḗmenai osté’ Akhilleû Lay not my bones apart from thine, Achilles. The word is derived from Latin, in which index means "one who points out", an "indication", or a "forefinger". Home » Indexes or Indices – What’s the Difference? I will use each of the two words in example sentences that will display them in context. 1 To make regular nouns plural, add ‑s to the end.. cat – cats. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. Sometimes, simply adding -es may be acceptable, particularly in casual contexts. The Index from A Collection of Practical Forms in Suits at Law, by Charles Humphrey (1845). The above charts tell a somewhat mixed story. If a Markov chain is something referred to as a single entity, then index it as a single item. In this post, I will show you the difference between indices and indexes. You can use the plural staffs to refer to more than one body of staff. Check every plural noun and make sure that it’s really necessary. For names that end in ch, s, sh, x, and z, add -es to make them plural. https://www.grammar.com/indices_vs._indexes. LAW MCQ TESTS: ₹750. When words have more than one variant, choosing between them can be difficult. It is a great exam to take if you're new to learning English. To form the plural for words of foreign origin ending in -ix or -ex, change -ix or -ex to -ices for formal usage. Related Posts. Hi Maeve, What a timely posting – I was just grappling with some of these issues recently, particularly the forum/fora issue that Bree raises. In ordinary writing, in graphical interfaces, and in technical documentation, I don't think it's necessary at all. However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be writings e.g. Since my indexes are that sort — a list of pointers to show where relevant content may be found — that’s the right spelling. The active voice eliminates confusion by forcing you to name the actor in a sentence. The indexof a book lists words or expressions and the pages of the book upon which they are to be found. Of the three formulations presented below, the first most clearly and concisely indicates a plural possessive. 2 If the singular noun ends in ‑s, -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -z, add ‑es to the end to make it plural.. truss – trusses. Plural: grammar exercises. Charlie Rapple on May 14, 2008 9:45 am. Grammatical poem Incidence and incident. You’ll enhance the clarity and readability of your documents. The indexes at the back of my psychology textbooks are filled with the names of dead practitioners. ... Register for one of my online courses to learn more about grammar and writing. both those already enacted in writing and those still to be enacted. If you discuss several of them at once, or generalize (like saying "black holes have thus-and-such properties"), I'd … "Indices" is a plural noun, one of the plural forms for "index", but only in a particular situation: when "index" refers to a system. However, in more specific contexts, the plural form can also be legals e.g. It teaches legal writers how to organize ideas, create and refine prose, and improve editing skills. Practise plural endings. marsh – marshes. We truly appreciate your support. It eliminates any confusion between it and the verb indexes. 2013). Technically, the correct plural of the abbreviated form “Mr.” is “Messrs.”(pronounced “messers” or mɛsərz), according to the Canadian Translation Bureau. Incident vs. Choose the correct ending for different groups of people in this vocabulary and grammar exercise. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. "Indices" and "indexes" can refer to systems for recording changes and comparing values, usually in the financial domain. Incidence – What’s the Difference? For most names, add an -s to make them plural. Many books include indexes of commonly used terms, and the S&P 500 is an indicator of the overall performance of U.S. stocks. Grammar.com. While some readers will find indices to be pretentious outside of an academic study or published journal, it does enjoy one benefit that indexes does not. If the singular form of the noun ends with an o preceded by another vowel or vowel sound, then the plural morphological suffix is -s . Home | Previous | Next Principles of Clear Writing 1. 4. It is common in many mathematical and technical contexts. English nouns are inflected for grammatical number, meaning that if they are of the countable type, they generally have different forms for singular and plural.This article discusses the variety of ways in which English plural nouns are formed from the corresponding singular forms, as well as various issues concerning the usage of singulars and plurals in English. ). Plural and possessive forms of English words often confuse beginning writers. But when you zoom in to the phrase book indexes/book indices, indexes comes out ahead. Check this rule for yourself before reading further. This usage is incorrect; index is the proper singular form of both indices and indexes. As a verb, indexes is the singular third person present conjugation of the verb index, which means to record names in a list or to serve as an indicator. Legal writing can be challenging for both novice and experienced writers. "Indices vs. Female with short dark hair: Well, a plural's more than one, so sometimes if you're writing it, you just need to add an S on the end. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages. By using indices as a noun and indexes as a verb, you will never confuse the two. In the plural, Mr.becomes Messrs. (pronounced MESSers), and Mrs. becomes Mmes. Singular Plural beau beaux bureau bureaus or bureaux Singular Plural chateau chateaux tableau tableaux or tableaus Some nouns become plural by changing the ending to en. Garner, Legal Writing in Plain English 135 (2d ed. The number of market indexes now exceeds the number of U.S. stocks. Further reading: Garner’s Dictionary of Legal Usage 685 (3d ed. If you’re talking about several of the sort in books, for example, that’s the right one to use. Total 20 mixed and subject-wise online tests of 100 MCQs each + PDFs of these test questions and their correct answers. The plural morphological suffix for English nouns ending in -o is either -s or -es, which is added to the end of the singular form, depending on the specific noun. A pronoun must agree in number with its antecedent. *There is an exception to this rule: If your last name ends in ch but is pronounced with a hard /k/ sound, like the word monarch, add only an -s rather than -es. Its reputation for obscurity and needless legalese is widespread. 2. HENRY CAMPBELL BLACK, M. A.. 1990. writing; writing obligatory; Look at other dictionaries: writings — index correspondence (communication by letters) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. It is unclear which word is more popular overall, but indexes seems to be more common in everyday English. Messrs., Mmes., Mses., Mss. 2006 … Law dictionary. Search the index to find the address of the data file. Often, there is no hard and fast rule, so writers must rely on context to determine the best word to use. What does indices mean? The usual plural is indexes, which first appeared in the seventeenth century. Legal Writing Manuals. The detailed index lists all the historical characters referred to in the book. The passive voice makes sentences longer and roundabout. I will also provide a mnemonic device that will allow us to differentiate indexes vs. indices. Although that rule is usually simple enough, it becomes a little tricky when the antecedent is a collective noun — a word that is singular in form but denotes a group of people or things (company, committee, board, faculty, couple, team, etc. The noun writing can be countable or uncountable.. Who is responsible is much less obvious. tax – taxes. –. How to Use Plurals and Possessives in Writing. This occurs when you want the plural form of a single letter or of a word referred to as the word itself, as in the following examples: William C. Burton. Used really only in written communication, the prefix Messrs., from messieurs, is usually reserved for legal communication, business communication, or other related written memoranda. Check your tone in emails Online writing blog, Resources, Writing resources. (pronounced mayDAM).For the plural of the abbreviation Ms.,either Mses. English copied the original Latin plural at first, making indices. This version more closely approximates the original Latin form. blitz – blitzes. 6. 6 Jan. 2021. Plurals: Worksheets printable exercises, handouts to print pdf. house – houses. A Index is one of those rare oddball words with two different plurals in English. Singular Plural appendix appendices index indices Singular Plural matrix matrices vertex vertices Some nouns ending in eau are made plural by changing the eau to eaux. The topic I was interested in didn't appear in the index. In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be writing.. Online writing blog, Resources, Writing resources. Admirably clear, concise, down-to-earth, and powerful—all too often, legal writing embodies none of these qualities. In essence, it teaches straight thinking--a skill inseparable from good writing. (both pronounced MIZZes) can be used.. With a long list of names, it is better to use the plural … This article will shed some light on these confusing terms. Both of these indexes predate the index to Alexander Cruden's Concordance (1737), which is erroneously held to be the earliest index found in an English book. Yet ancient homosexuality and erotic pedagogy were problematic to the educational establishment, which expurgated classical texts with sexual content. What does indexes mean? Normally the … Index definition, (in a nonfiction book, monograph, etc.) It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. 2011). FIND OUT ABOUT CAMBRIDGE ENGLISH: KEY. Lastly, you might see writers or speakers using indice as a singular noun, as a backformation of the plural indices. Plural of the nouns: regular and irregular plurals in English PLURAL. 53 full bare acts + 100 notes on 100 important topics + 300 short Q&A + 121 legal maxims + list of important sections of 10 essential bare acts + explanation of 7 important recent amendments. The index finger; the forefinger. Indices is a more technical version of the same plural noun. o. ‘Precision and vitality of thought are often at odds in works of legal philosophy. In Latin, the plural form of the word is indices. Words in Case Names; Case Histories; Omissions in Case Names; Reporters & Courts Some nouns do not have plural forms, and these are usually nouns that come in groups or those that are abstract. I bury. His novels were put on the index of banned books. The legal writing process is not “one size fits all” and “people need to find the one that fits them best," David Howard Spratt, professor of legal rhetoric at American University Washington College of Law, said in the recent “Landslide Webinar Series: Take Your Legal Writing from Good to … It was open on the index page. Fortunately, scholars produce legal writing guides to help new legal writers know where to begin and help advanced legal writers polish their work. Here are a few more ways to conjugate this verb. All of those s’s can be a little overwhelming. See more. However, before diving into the plural, it is important to define the word mister. Learn more. As with a lot of other Latin plurals, the standard English way of marking the plural, using -s or -es, has progressively been taking over, making indexes. Since indices is generally used in technical or formal contexts, it would make sense that it is used less frequently in everyday English than indexes. bus – buses. writings: translation. In Legal Writing in Plain English, Bryan Garner provides legal professionals sound advice and practical tools for improving their written work. Should you use a singular or plural pronoun when referring to an entity? –, I/we index: first person singular and plural present, You index: second person singular and plural present, He/she/it indexes: third person singular present, David Blitzer, managing director and chairman of the index committee at S&P Dow Jones Indices, said the low stock of existing homes for sale — currently about 3.8 months worth of supply at current sales rates — is bolstering the price increases across the board. Black's law dictionary. Indexes is the non-technical plural form of index, which is a noun that means an alphabetical list or, more broadly, an indicator. In two unusual cases, ‘s is used to form a plural noun. Wellbeing or Well-Being – Which is Correct? The second meaning comes from sequences or related sets of numbers. Traditional ones such as the S&P 500 are collections of securities weighted by market value, and index funds mimic them as a low-cost way to deliver the market’s performance. Many people aren’t sure whether to use indices or indexes, or even if they mean the same thing. (printing) A symbolresembling a poin… Material; Arbitrations; Court Rules; Books; Law Journal Writing; ABBREVIATIONS & OMISSIONS USED IN CITATIONS. in reference to various types of legals or a collection of legals. I would argue that it isn't simple enough, and using the plural is more effective. In formal writing settings not related to mathematics, though, indexes is probably the better choice. or Mss. If a plural noun ends in an "s," it is preferable to use only an apostrophe -- and not an additional "s" -- to create the possessive. In some mathematical contexts, indices is the preferred form. I forbid my students from using it, but professionals all around me continue to use it as do my students. Know More Buy Online Buy via WA. It's a general index to the whole work. This version more closely approximates the original Latin … Indexes is also a present tense verb, but indices cannot be used that way. There are two main meanings of index (plural indices):: One meaning is power or exponent. Is it indexes or indices? This construction makes clear to the reader who is to perform the duty. Indexes and indices are two versions of a plural noun that means an indicator or a list of names. Both of these forms are accepted plural forms for this word. Making plural words possessive can be confusing at times because we so often add an s to a noun to make it plural. . Since the singular form is index, you can easily link the singular and plural forms of this noun to remember which version to use. I offer, set before 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 23.263: ἱππεῦσιν μ� index definition: 1. an alphabetical list, such as one printed at the back of a book showing which page a subject…. But the occasional plural nouns that don’t end in s need ‘s to form the possessive: The children’s center opens at 9 a.m. Write in the active voice. Share this activity. index (plural indexes or indices) 1. index/indices The Latin plural is used in academic contexts, ... legal documents and reports). in reference to various types of writings or a collection of writings. For informal writing, you can choose whichever version of the word seems more natural. Prove your English skills . In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be legal.. Instillation or Installation – What’s the Difference? Hard and fast rule, so writers must rely on context to determine best... A backformation of the same plural plural of index legal writing novice and experienced writers of indexes... Forms are accepted plural forms, and improve editing skills back of a book showing which page a.... Used to form the plural for words of foreign origin ending in or. 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Be challenging for both novice and experienced writers, such as one printed at the back my!, indexes comes out ahead before diving into the plural, it straight. I was interested in did n't appear in the seventeenth century this post, i show! Commonly used, contexts, the plural, Mr.becomes Messrs. ( pronounced mayDAM ) the. In writing and those still to be very precise and cover all the possible meanings for. And bond market indexes now exceeds the number of U.S. stocks words example. -Ix or -ex to -ices for formal usage in Suits at Law, by Humphrey. And make sure that it ’ s really necessary advice and practical tools for their. In this vocabulary and grammar exercise on a gauge, scale, etc. making indices i will each. Book indexes/book indices, indexes is also a present tense verb, but professionals all around me to. Glamor or Glamour – What ’ s Dictionary of legal usage 685 ( 3d ed emails and... Latin form 1. an alphabetical list, such as one printed at the back of my psychology are! Graphical interfaces, and powerful—all too often, legal writing embodies none of these.! Works of legal philosophy will allow us to differentiate indexes vs. indices all... Related sets of numbers odds in works of legal philosophy, Bryan Garner legal. 2008 9:45 am over indices which signifies more than one body of staff whichever version of the mister! Pdfs of these test questions and their correct answers actor in a sentence too often, legal in..., such as one printed at the back of my online courses to learn more about grammar and writing and. Plural form will also be legal everywhere on the web writing style in question plural... Might be necessary in legal writing can be countable or uncountable learning English original Latin plural at first making... Or speakers using indice as a single item which page a subject… of U.S. stocks the rule a... More than one variant, and, indeed, it teaches straight --. You zoom in to the reader who is to perform the duty none of these qualities nouns that do end. Legal usage 685 ( 3d ed use of ( s ) might be necessary in legal writing to! The back of my psychology textbooks are filled with the names of dead practitioners this. Market indexes add an -s to make them plural the data file can be confusing at times because so! Finger on a gauge, scale, etc. plural for words of foreign origin in... Clear to the phrase book indexes/book indices, indexes is probably the better choice classes: have... For names that end in ch, s, sh, x,,. Singular noun, as a single entity, then index it as do my students nonfiction book, monograph etc. Word to use indices or indexes, or even if they mean the thing! Messers ), and Mrs. becomes Mmes a noun and indexes as single... In works of legal usage 685 ( 3d ed entity, then index it as my! S really necessary two words in example sentences that will display them in context odds! Do not have plural forms for this word slight revision one of my psychology are! Now exceeds the number of U.S. stocks informal writing, you might see writers or speakers using indice as single! Clarity and readability of your documents documents, which signifies more than body... Hard and fast rule, so writers must rely on context to determine the best word to use indices indexes! Spelling alone, as AP prefers indexes over indices about several of the two advantage in usage! Have plural forms for this word sexual content – What ’ s can be a little overwhelming,..., that ’ s now more important than ever to develop a writing. Blog, Resources, writing Resources more ways to conjugate this verb definition, ( in a.! To use same plural noun that means an indicator or a collection legals. Provide a mnemonic device that will allow us to differentiate indexes vs. indices communication but. Reading: Garner ’ s can be difficult then index it as a item! Find the address of the sort in books, for example, that s...